Now that we know what probiotics are, the next question is: how do gut bacteria affect our weight?
In the first section of this article, you may have noticed that I mentioned gut bacteria a few times when talking about probiotics. Probiotics are good bacteria for our guts, which are really important for our overall health and when talking about weight.
In order to understand how gut bacteria affect our weight, it’s important to have a little bit of knowledge about gut bacteria in general.DOCTOR’S CHOICE: Where to Get ALL the Best Probiotic “Super Strains” in One Place… REVEALED!
Gut bacteria are the collection of bacteria in our bodies – most of them can be found in our intestines.
I know, this sounds a little gross. But there are good bacteria! (There are also bad bacteria.)
Gut bacteria are essential to our health. Not only do they affect our weight, but the types of bad bacteria that are in our gut can contribute to diseases such as chronic inflammation, unhealthy diet, leaky gut, and more.
Now that I’ve freaked you out a little bit about what bad gut bacteria can do to our bodies (sorry!) let’s be positive and discuss the good bacteria.
Just like there are two main “good” probiotics families, there are also two main “good” gut bacteria groups!
The first is called bacteroidetes and the second is called firmicutes. Research has shown that body weight relates to effectively balancing these two kinds of bacteria.
There are other studies as well that have shown that gut bacteria in general play a huge role in weight regulation.
Many studies have shown that bad bacteria can cause an increase in insulin and type 2 diabetes, both of which can affect weight regulation. Many health issues are believed to begin in the gut, and a lot of these conditions can directly affect our weight.
This study (which was actually conducted using mice, who are surprisingly similar to humans when it comes to gut health)… also found that there is a difference in the gut bacteria between lean individuals and obese individuals.
The researchers found that obese individuals had less diversity and abundance of gut bacteria. This indicates that adding more beneficial gut bacteria could help obese individuals better regulate their weight.